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Anti-doping rules violation

For athletes
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1. Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample

It is each athlete’s personal duty to ensure that no prohibited substance enters his or her body and that no prohibited method is used. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing use on the athlete’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation for use of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method.

Sufficient proof of an anti-doping rule violation is established by any of the following:

  • presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in the athlete’s A sample if the athlete waives analysis of the B sample; 

  • if the sthlete’s B sample is analyzed and the analysis of the athlete’s B sample confirms the presence of the prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers found in the athlete’s A sample; 

  • if the athlete’s B sample is split into two bottles and the analysis of the second bottle confirms the presence of the prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers found in the first bottle.

Excepting those substances for which a quantitative threshold is specifically identified in the Prohibited List, the presence of any quantity of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample shall constitute an anti-doping rule violation.


2. Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method
It is each athlete’s personal duty to ensure that no prohibited substance enters his or her body and that no prohibited method is used. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing use on the athlete’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation for use of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method. 

The success or failure of the use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or prohibited method is not material. It is sufficient that the prohibited substance or prohibited method was used or attempted to be used for an anti-doping rule violation to be committed. 
3. Evading, Refusing or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection
Evading sample collection, or without compelling justification, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection after notification as authorized in applicable anti-doping rules.
4.Whereabouts Failures
Three violations of accessibility conformance testing rules within a twelve-month period, irrespectively of whether they were documented by RUSADA, WADA and International Federation, including failure to provide whereabouts information, and missed tests.
5. Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of Doping Control
Conduct which subverts the doping control process including intentionally interfering or attempting to interfere with a doping control official, providing fraudulent information to an Anti-Doping Organization or intimidating or attempting to intimidate a potential witness.
6. Possession of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method
Possession by an athlete or an athlete support person of any prohibited substance or any prohibited method (in-competition or out-of-competition) unless the athlete establishes that the possession is consistent with a Therapeutic Use Exemption (“TUE”) or other acceptable justification.
9. Complicity
Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or attempted violation.
10. Prohibited Association
Association by an athlete or other person subject to the authority of an Anti-Doping Organization in a professional or sport-related capacity with any athlete support person who is serving a period of ineligibility or with athlete support person who has been convicted or found in a criminal, disciplinary or professional proceeding to have engaged in conduct which would have constituted a violation of anti-doping rules if Code-compliant rules had been applicable to such person, and also with person performing the functions of a figurehead or an intermediary for the person described above.

In order for this provision to apply, it is necessary that the athlete or other person has previously been advised in writing by an Anti-Doping Organization with jurisdiction over the athlete or other person, or by WADA, of the athlete support person’s disqualifying status and the potential consequence of prohibited association and that the athlete or other person can reasonably avoid the association.

The burden shall be on the athlete or other Person to establish that any association with athlete support personnel is not in a professional or sport-related capacity.